Kev lag ntseg uas tsis zoo hauv cov neeg laus, yuav ua li cas yog tias lub pob ntseg tsis pab?

Tus txiv neej laus lag ntseg yog qhov hnyav heev, thiab qhov tshwm sim ntawm kev coj pob ntseg tsis zoo. Puas muaj lwm txoj hauv kev los kho nws?

Cov khoom pab hnov, zoo li qog cochlear, yog cov khoom pab hnov ​​hnov ​​lus. Cov cuab yeej hnov ​​thaum ntxov tshaj plaws tsuas yog ua kom nrov nrov. Cov ntsuas pob ntseg uas siv tam sim no tuaj yeem xaiv cov suab nrov sib txawv raws li kev hnov ​​lus ntawm txhua zaus thiab cov kev xav tau ntawm tus neeg mob. Qhov no tseem hu ua non-linear amplification. Cia tus neeg mob hnov ​​nws lub suab thiab muaj suab nrov.

Hnav cov tswb pob ntseg

Yog tias lub pob ntseg sib pab tsis ua haujlwm zoo, ua ntej txhua yam, peb yuav tsum saib qhov zoo thiab lub zog ntawm lub pob ntseg nws tus kheej. Thib ob, thaum cov neeg laus hnav lub tswb pob ntseg, ntsuas qhov ntsuas pob ntseg kom zoo thiab kev paub txog kev hais lus. Yog tias lub rooj sib hais ntawm cov neeg laus nce mus txog qhov tsis txaus siab lossis hnyav heev ntawm lub rooj sib hais, qhov zoo thiab lub zog ntawm lub pob ntseg tseem tsis muaj teeb meem, tab sis kev sib pab tsis ua tiav cov txiaj ntsig uas xav tau, uas txhais tau tias tus txiv neej laus lag ntseg yog qhov hnyav, tom qab ntawd koj xav tau Xav Txog kev cog hniav cochlear implant kom txhim kho kev hnov ​​lus.

Dab tsi yog cov teeb meem kev lag ntseg ntawm cov neeg laus? Dab tsi yog theem ntawm kev hnov ​​lus hauv cov neeg laus, haum rau cochlear kev cog hniav?

Hais lus ncaj qha, kev ua rau cov laus lag ntseg yog hais txog qhov tsis hnov ​​lus zoo li neeg lub hnub nyoog thiab cov laus ntawm kev hnov, zoo ib yam li tshuab qhov, laus tshwm sim rau qee yam. Tab sis qhov tseeb, ntxiv rau cov muaj hnub nyoog, noob caj noob ces, tshuaj, suab nrov thiab otitis media tseem tuaj yeem ua rau hnov ​​lus tsis zoo hauv cov neeg laus.

Txawm hais tias qhov teeb meem ua rau neeg lag ntseg qub, ntev npaum li cov neeg lag ntseg hnov ​​txog qhov tsis hnov ​​lus zoo los yog tsis hnov ​​lus zoo (hnov lus tsis zoo: hnov ​​lus tsis txaus hauv 71-90 kev ntsuas suab nrov, qw hauv pob ntseg kom hnov; hnov ​​lus zoo heev: 90 poob ntawm XNUMX Yog tias koj muaj lub suab paj nruag decibel lossis ntau dua, koj tsis tuaj yeem hnov ​​nws hauv koj lub pob ntseg. Yog tias lub pob ntseg tsis zoo lossis tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam txhua qhov, koj tuaj yeem txiav txim siab cochlear implant. ua ntej, thiab tau mus txog qhov kev lag ntseg uas tsis zoo, nws tseem muaj peev xwm siv cochlear implant yog tias qhov txiaj ntsig ntawm lub pob ntseg pab tau tsawg.

Puas muaj lub hnub nyoog txwv rau kev cog hniav cochlear? Yog tias tus neeg laus muaj hnub nyoog 80 xyoo, lawv puas tuaj yeem raug cog pleev xim cochlear?

Qee tus neeg txhawj xeeb tias niam txiv muaj hnub nyoog laus dua thiab tuaj yeem ua rau kev cog hniav cochlear. Lub hnub nyoog siab tshaj plaws ntawm cov neeg mob mob cochlear kev cog hniav hauv peb lub tuam tsev yog 91 xyoo. Lub hnub nyoog 93 xyoo phais yog qhia hauv cov ntawv txawv teb chaws. Txawm hais tias nws tuaj yeem siv rau kev cog hniav cochlear lossis tsis yog, nws yog qhov yuav tsum tau soj ntsuam cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev hnov ​​lus thiab ntsuas ua ntej kev phais mob, uas yog ua raws li cov qauv txheej txheem ntawm cochlear kev cog hniav, thiab ntawm qhov tod tes, kev mob lub cev ntawm cov neeg laus.

Cochlear implant phais yuav tsum tau 1-1.5 teev. Sij hawm dhau los, cov neeg mob otitis media uas tau mob mastoidectomy, mob, mob hlwb, thiab cochlear ossification ntawm cov leeg nqaij yuav muaj sijhawm ua haujlwm ntev dua. Tag nrho cov txheej txheem yog nyob rau hauv kev siv tshuaj loog. Hauv lub xeev, yog tias cov neeg laus sib xyaw nrog cov kab mob yooj yim xws li Sangao, mob plawv, mob hlab ntsha tawg lossis mob ncauj tsev menyuam, cov tuam tsev muaj feem yuav tsum sab laj ua ntej kev phais mob kom ua tiav kev soj ntsuam thiab kev ntsuam xyuas ua ntej los txiav txim seb tus neeg laus puas tuaj yeem tiv taus 2 teev lossis li ntawd. Kev tso tshuaj kom tsaug zog kom muaj kev ua haujlwm zoo.

Sib pab hnav

Lub cochlear implant ua haujlwm li cas thiab cov neeg mob twg tsis tsim nyog rau kev cog hniav cochlear?

Cov txheej txheem ntawm kev mloog lub suab ntawm cov neeg ib txwm muaj zoo li no. Tom qab lub suab nrov dhau los, nws yuav tsum dhau mus rau sab nraud lub kwj dej, cov kab mob tympanic membrane, pob ntseg hauv nruab nrab, thiab tom qab ntawd mus rau sab hauv pob ntseg, thiab tig lub zog kho tshuab ntawm lub suab mus rau hluav taws xob, txhawb cov kauv caj dab thiab cov leeg hnov, thiab xa tawm nws mus rau rooj plaub. Lub chaw haujlwm ua rau hnov ​​kev hnov ​​lus.

Lub hauv paus ntsiab lus ntawm cochlear implant yog kom hloov lub suab ncaj qha mus rau hluav taws xob los ntawm cov lus hais tawm (cov ntu ntawm cochlear implant sab nraum lub cev), dhau 3 txoj haujlwm ntawm sab pob ntseg sab nraud, pob ntseg nruab nrab thiab pob ntseg sab hauv, ncaj qha txhawb cov kauv sib xyaw. thiab cov leeg hnov, ua rau hnov ​​cov lus nug; lub tswb pob ntseg yeej tseem yog nyob ntawm seb tus tib neeg lub rooj sib hais zoo li cas, tsuas yog ua kom pom lub suab xwb. Yog li no, vim hais tias ob lub hauv paus ntsiab lus ntawm kev ua yog txawv, qhov sib piv hauv kev mloog cov suab tsis yog loj heev.

Qee qhov tshwj xeeb, cov neeg mob tsis haum rau cochlear kev cog hniav:

1) cov neeg mob tau mob pob ntseg sab hauv pob ntseg, tsis muaj cochlea, tsis muaj chaw tso cov electrodes, qhov xwm txheej no tsis tuaj yeem ua;

2) Tus neeg mob cochlear hlab ntsha tsis tsim, thiab tus mob no tsis ua haujlwm txawm tias cochlear cog hniav tsis ua haujlwm;

3) Qee tus neeg mob tau muaj keeb kwm dhau los ntawm kev raug mob, mob otitis, thiab mob rau daim npluag paj hlwb, ua rau ua tiav ossification lossis txoj hlab ntaws ntawm tag nrho cochlea. Hauv lwm lo lus, cov cochlea tau dhau los ua hluav taws xob thiab cov electrodes tsis muaj txoj hauv kev cog hniav;

4) Rau qee tus neeg mob tshwj xeeb, xws li mob hlwb, siv tshuaj pleev ib ce tsis tuaj yeem ua ke nrog kev mloog lus hais rov qab, thiab tsis tsim nyog rau kev cog hniav cochlear.

Koj puas tuaj yeem ua cov cochlear implants, nws puas muaj feem rau qhov ntev ntawm lag ntseg?

Cochlear implant phais tsis tuaj yeem ua, thiab tsis cuam tshuam ncaj qha rau lub sijhawm lag ntseg. Tsis hais tias lawv lag ntseg ntev npaum li cas, tsuav yog hais tias nws lag ntseg tom qab hais lus, muaj qee cov lus hais thiab hnov ​​lub hauv paus, thiab phais mob tuaj yeem raug txiav txim siab. Txawm li cas los xij, qhov ntev dua ntawm kev lag ntseg, qhov kev phais mob tshwm sim yuav phem. Yog li no, yog cov neeg laus muaj pob ntseg lag ntseg, nws yog qhov zoo uas yuav tau siv lub tswb pob ntseg kom sai li sai tau. Thaum lub pob ntseg kom pab tau zoo, qhov yuav tsum tau cog cochlear implanted sai li sai tau. Sai npaum li qhov phais tau zoo dua.

Yog tias lub rooj sib hais ntawm ob lub pob ntseg no yeej ploj, ob lub pob ntseg yuav muab cog nrog ob lub cochlear cog los ua ke?

Yog tias tus neeg mob lub pob ntseg tsis hnov ​​lus zoo, nws yog qhov zoo tshaj rau kev phais ob sab kom paub tseeb tias tus neeg mob lub rooj sib hais ob sab. Ob tog lus sib hais muaj cov zoo li nram no:

1) pab cov neeg mob kom paub meej dua cov kev taw qhia ntawm lub suab. Piv txwv li, ib tug neeg hu koj hauv koj sab xis. Yog tias tsuas ib sab ntawm pob ntseg hnov ​​zoo, koj tsis tuaj yeem qhia yog tias lub suab tawm ntawm sab laug lossis sab xis. Nws yog qhov zoo, nws yuav txiav txim siab seb qhov twg ntawm lub pob ntseg lub suab tau, thiab qhov siv lub zog tau nce siab dua, thiaj li paub qhov chaw ntawm lub suab tawm yog paub.

2) Nyob hauv ib puag ncig tsis muaj suab nrov, lub peev xwm ntawm lub pob ntseg mloog ib leeg kom paub txog kev hais lus yog qhov tsis zoo, thiab lub suab mloog yog nrov heev. Ob lub pob ntseg ob lub pob ntseg tuaj yeem txhim kho kev lees paub thiab kev siv ntawm kev hais lus.

3) Lub qhov ntsej hnov ​​ib leeg muaj pob ntseg mloog lus zoo. Nws siv sijhawm ntev los mloog lub suab hauv ib puag ncig, thiab nws hnov ​​zoo li qub sab heev. Qaug zog ntawm binaural lub rooj sib hais yuav tseem me me.

4) txo qhov ua haujlwm ntawm cephalometric zoo. Nws yog qhov nyuaj rau tus neeg mob lub pob ntseg hnov ​​lub suab los ntawm lub pob ntseg sib kis, thiab yuav muaj ib sab pob ntseg mloog, thiab lub rooj sib hais hauv binaural yuav tsis cuam tshuam.

Yog ib lub pob ntseg tsis hnov ​​lus, ib lub pob ntseg yuav hnov ​​lus tsis tseeb. Puas yog nws cochlear cog rau ntawm ib sab, lub pob ntseg sib pab ntawm lwm sab, lossis cochlear cog rau ob sab? Vim li cas?

Thaum tus neeg mob tsis hnov ​​lus hauv ob lub pob ntseg yog qhov txo qis, nws yog qhov yuav tsum tau rov ua kom hnov ​​lus binaural. Cov khoom siv kho pob ntseg tuaj yeem siv hauv ob lub pob ntseg, lossis siv cov co colele qog siv tau rau ob sab pob ntseg, thiab cov khoom siv kho kom hnov ​​lus tuaj yeem hnav ntawm ib sab lossis cochlear siv rau ntawm ib sab. Txhawm rau kom hnov ​​lus zoo dua ntxiv, cov qauv tshwj xeeb yuav tsum txiav txim siab raws li kev hnov ​​lus tsis hnov ​​lus ntawm tus neeg mob lub pob ntseg.

Yog hais tias ib lub pob ntseg tau hnov ​​zoo dua pob ntseg (mob hnyav-hnov lus tsis zoo), lub pob ntseg kom hnov ​​lus zoo haum, thiab lub pob ntseg uas pom tsis tau sab nraud sab nraud tuaj yeem suav rau qhov cog hniav ntawm cochlear cog hniav; yog tias hnov ​​lus tsis tshua zoo (mob-hnov lus tsis zoo) Nws yog qhov yuav tsum tau txiav txim siab txog ob sab kev sib txuam cochlear.

Jinghao cov lus ceeb toom txog kev pab kho mob: kev pab kom hnov ​​lus yuav tsum yog tus “kws tshaj lij”, nws tseem ceeb heev uas yuav tsum xaiv lub chaw ua haujlwm kom pab tau pob ntseg thiab kom pab tau lub rooj sib hais! Txhua tus neeg mob thiab cov phooj ywg muaj teeb meem tsis hnov ​​lus tuaj yeem hu Jinghao kev sab laj kho mob, lossis tus kheej Tuaj ntsib qhov chaw haum. Mloog pab sab laj xov tooj pub dawb: + 86-752-2299187

Koj tuaj yeem xa email rau peb: Jinghao14@jinghao.cc rau cov lus qhia ntxiv koj xav paub.

Txuas :Kev lag ntseg uas tsis zoo hauv cov neeg laus, yuav ua li cas yog tias lub pob ntseg tsis pab?

REF: Tus Hais Kom Mloog Kom Ntsej Muag Lub Suab Mloog BluetoothHnov Lus Nug Hom
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